撰寫人：9580023 張嘉芸 NC452- Glossary
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Impaired ability to remember. Forgetting information preceding cortical injury is retrograde amnesia, whereas the inability to learn newer information after injury is anterograde amnesia.
記憶能力受損。腦皮層受傷後忘記之前的資訊是retrograde amnesia，然而；受傷後沒有能力學習新的資訊是anterograde amnesia。
Fetal membrane that encloses the embryo and fetus. Later the amniotic cavity is the sole cavity for the pregnant uterus.
Sac-like canal dilation containing sensory receptors.
Stem Cells and the Inner Ear
Internal Anatomy of Ampulla
Almond-shaped medial limbic structure associated with visceral and vegetative activities needed for self-preservation, such as mating, fighting, and eating. Also controls autonomic responses to stress. It is reciprocally connected to the hypothalamus, hippocampus, and thalamus. Functionally, it is concerned with emotional responses.
Brain FLY-BY Windows Media 1.9 MB
Brain FLY-BY Quicktime QuickTime video 1.7 MB
Pertaining to muscular atrophy, as in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS; Lou Gehrig disease)
Progressive degenerative condition of spinal and cortical motor neurons characterized by progressive muscular weakness and atrophy.
Building of energy and cellular metabolic substances that are needed for the body.
Neurologic state in which painful stimuli are no longer perceived as being painful.
Substances that are used to relieve pain sensation.
Third stage in cell division.
Site of communication between two blood vessels. Usually involves large arteries.
Birth defect in which the forebrain and/or midbrain are diminished in size or are missing. Caused by the defective fusion of the neural tube during embryologic development.
Loss of touch and pain sensation either from a cortical lesion or from a drug-induced state of suppressed sensation.
Having an extra chromosome.
Localized, balloonlike dilation of a blood vessel caused by a weakened arterial wall or congenital defect.
Surgical treatment involving the use of a clip to obliterate the neck of an aneurysm.
X-ray technique that involves injection of radiopaque substance for examining the structural architecture of blood vessels.
Neurolinguistically important and highly developed parietal convolution in humans implicated with the reading function.
annulospiral nerve endings
Specialized receptors that mediate muscle stretch.
Impaired ability to name objects and find words acquired after brain injury.
Chronic psychological condition characterized by self-induced weight loss and distorted bldy image from a loss of appetite.
Loss of the ability to smell.
Failure to recognize one’s own disease, a usual parietal syndrome.
Origin: G. A-priv. + nosos, disease, + gnosis, knowledge