NC449-450 20Q1-6 婷婷
Translation and explanation in Chinese?
Define the following terms: angiography, coma, CT, dichotic listening, dominant inheritance, electroencephalography, electromyography, MRI, recessive inheritance, stupor, X-linked inheritance.
X-ray technique that involves injection of radiopaque substance for examining the structural architecture of blood vessels.
State of profound unconsciousness in which the patient does not respond to respond to sensory stimuli. It is usually seen in patients with TBI and with cerebral toxicity.
X-ray brain-imaging technique that provides cross-sectional images of the live brain and body in different planes.
Neuropsychological testing tool that involves simultaneous presentation of auditory stimuli to both ears. It is used for evaluating cerebral dominance.
Genetic expression mode in which a dysfunctional allele possessed by on parent dominates the second allele from the other parent. Each offspring has a 50% probability of inheriting this dysfunctional gene and the disorder.
Technique that records normal and abnormal electrical activity from the brain. Also used to evaluate seizure disorders.
Visual record of muscle electrical activity during rest and spontaneous and/or voluntary movements. It is used to determine causes of muscular weakness, paralysis, and involuntary twitching.
Imaging technique that uses magnetic activity of the tissue to create clear images of the living brain and body.
Genetic mode of inheritance in which both parents transmit the same affected alleles. It results in 25% probability of this dysfunctional gene transmission from both parents and the child being affected with the condition.
Unresponsiveness from which a patient can be aroused transiently with strong and repeated stimulation.
Genetic inheritance mode where diseases or traits are transmitted by a gene or genes on the X (sex) chromosome.
List the four major types of brain waves and their corresponding frequencies
List four subtypes of seizures?
What is the risk probability associated with dominant inheritance？
NC449Q5 鳳徵 Q5 is about recessive inheritance, not dominant inheritance as in Q4
What is the risk probability associated with dominant / recessive inheritance？
。帶有顯性疾病因子的人與一般正常人結婚，也有二分之一的機會生育出異常的下一代。在單基因的遺傳疾病中以此類遺傳最為常見。一般為垂直遺傳（vertical tranmission ）即每代皆有病。得病與性別無關，有許多的病患可能為新的突變。此異常被認為可能與父親年紀較高有關。
Match each of the numbered techniques with its lettered concept.
sodium Amytal infusion
evaluation of electrical activity in muscles for diagnosing nerve and muscle diseases
recording electrical brain activity evoked in response to specific stimuli
recording of brain’s electrical potentials for diagnosing seizure disorders
determining cerebral dominance by induced hemispheric anesthetization
diagnosing CNS infections and intracerebral hemorrhages
identifying cerebral dominance using bilateral presentation of auditory stimuli